October 22, 2020

I created a ‘do not spend for 2 years’ fund, and financial experts shared 5 places to keep it to earn the most interest

[Business Insider]

  • I created a “do not spend for two years” fund — money that I want to use down the road to start a new business venture or pay for my honeymoon.
  • In the meantime, I want to earn the most interest possible, so I got some advice from financial experts.
  • They recommended a CD, a high-yield savings account, bond ETFs, a fixed annuity, or a money market mutual fund.

I’ve spent the last few years rescuing my finances. In my 20s, I made every money mistake possible, from overusing credit cards to keeping my money in a savings account with practically no interest. I didn’t have a retirement plan, and the idea of an emergency fund didn’t cross my mind. But all of that changed as I entered my 30s a few years ago, and since then I’ve been working overtime to fix old mistakes and strategize for the future.

I’ve set strict budgets, moved my money into high-yield savings accounts, and created both retirement and emergency funds. Recently, after feeling more in control of my finances, I decided I wanted to take a few thousand dollars out of my general savings account and place it somewhere I called my “do not spend for two years” fund. My goal was to maximize interest on that cash and then use that money for a big project or life event (for example, to start a new business or fund a honeymoon). 

Budgeting your money for specific goals is easier than you think. Caiaimage/Paul Bradbur/Getty

Unsure of where to put that money to ensure maximum growth, I reached out to financial advisors. Here are the five places they recommended I put that money to get the best interest over the course of two years.

Certificate of deposit 

“With a certificate of deposit, you basically deposit your money for a specific duration. No matter what happens to the interest rates during that time frame, you will get a guaranteed return,” said Nabity. “Ensure that you buy your certificate of deposits with an FDIC-insured financial institution, that way it will guarantee that up to $250,000 is insured. The longer the term of investment, generally it ranges anywhere between three months to five years, the higher the yield will usually be.”

One idea that I always forget about is putting money into a longer-term CD. I have a chunk of money in a six-month CD now (which means I have to leave the money inside that CD for six months to earn a 0.65% APY). But Justin Nabity, a financial planner, said that putting the cash in a two-year CD could be a good idea because of the guaranteed return. 

The best CD rates for October 2020

Best rates for a 1-year term

CD accountAPYMinimum deposit
Marcus High-Yield CD0.65%$500
Ally High Yiel0d CD0.65%$0
Discover CD0.60%$2,500
Synchrony Bank CD0.60%$2,000
Simple No-Pen0alty CD0.50%$250

Best rates for a 2-year term

CD accountAPYMinimum deposit
Marcus High-Yield CD0.65%$500
Ally Raise Your Rate CpD0.70%$0
Discover CD0.65%$2,500
Synchrony Bank CD0.70%$2,000

Best rates for a 3-year term

CD accountAPYMinimum deposit
Discover CD0.70%$2,500
Synchrony Bank CD0.75%$2,000
Ally High Yield CD0.75%$0
TIAA Basic CD0.65%$1,000
Marcus High-Yield CD0.65%$500

Best rates for a 4-year term

CD accountAPYMinimum deposit
TIAA Basic CD0.70%$1,000
Discover CD0.70%$2,500
Synchrony Bank CD0.75%$2,000
Ally Raise Your Rate CD0.70%$0
Marcus High-Yield CD0.65%$500

Best rates for a 5-year term

CD accountAPYMinimum deposit
Ally High Yield CD1.00%$0
Synchrony Bank CD0.90%$2,000
Discover CD0.80%$2,500
TIAA Basic CD0.75%$1,000

Best rates for a no-penalty CD

CD accountAPYMinimum deposit
Ally No Penalty CD0.60%$0
Marcus by Goldman Sachs No-Penalty CD0.35% to 0.55%$500
Simple No-Penalty CD0.50%$250
Citizens Access Liquid CD0.50%$5,000

Best rates for no opening deposit

CD accountAPYMinimum deposit
Ally High Yield Certificate of Deposit0.20% to 1.00%$0
Capital One 360 Certificate of Deposit®0.20% to 0.40%$0
American Express Certificate of Deposit0.10% to 0.55%$0
Barclays Online CD0.10% to 0.30%$0

CD rates at the largest US banks

BankAPYNext steps
Citibank0.05% to 0.25%Learn more
Capital One0.20% to 0.40%Learn more
PNC Bank0.01% to 0.10%Learn more
TD Bank0.05% to 0.10%Learn more
Bank of America0.03% to 0.06%Learn more
Chase Bank0.01% to 0.05%Learn more
US Bank0.05% to 0.35%Learn more
Charles Schwab Bank0.10% to 0.20%Learn more
Wells Fargo0.01% to 0.05%Learn more
BB&T Bank0.01% to 0.05%Learn more

High-yield savings account

An important decision I had to make about my money was how much risk I was willing to take with it. Alan Schoenberger, a financial planner, suggested keeping the cash in my current high-yield savings account or another one with higher interest, especially if I’m not looking to take on too much risk.

The best online high-yield savings accounts of October 2020

BankAPYMinimum depositNext Steps 
discover logoDiscover Online Savings Account0.60% APY$0Learn More
ally bank logo 2Ally High Yield Savings0.60% APY$0Learn More
goldman sachs logoMarcus High Yield Savings0.60% APY$0Learn More
capital one logoCapital One 3600.50% APY$0Learn More
varo bank logoVaro Bank Savings Account0.81% APY$0Learn More
cit bank logoCIT Savings Builder0.31% to 0.55% APY$100Learn More
vio bank logoVio High-Yield Savings0.76% APY$100Learn More
0.60% APY$0Learn More
chime logoChime1.00% APY$0Learn More

*As of October 2020, the national average APY on savings accounts is 0.05% according to the FDIC.

Savings rates for the largest US banks

BankAPYNext Steps
Citibank0.04% – 0.70%Learn More
Capital One0.50%Learn More
PNC Bank0.01% – 0.80%Learn More
TD Bank0.01% – 0.35%Learn More
Bank of America0.01% – 0.05%Learn More
Chase Bank0.01% – 0.05%Learn More
U.S. Bank0.01%Learn More
Charles Schwab Bank0.05%Learn More
Wells Fargo0.01% – 0.02%Learn More
BB&T0.01%Learn More

“A high-yield savings account works similar to a regular savings account but pays a higher rate. Currently, they are paying around 0.60 to 0.70% interest, and these accounts usually do not have high minimum balances,” said Schoenberger. “While neither option (CD or HYSA) pays a very high interest rate, there really are no better options without taking on additional and unnecessary risk. In both cases, your principal is never at risk. So if an emergency came up and you needed the money right away, you could have access to it. In the case of the CD, you might forfeit a large chunk of the interest, but you will always get your principal back.”

Fixed annuities 

An option I didn’t know much about and never considered before was annuities, suggested to me by Jason Field, a financial advisor at Van Leeuwen & Company.

A fixed annuity is a type of insurance contract that promises to pay out a specific guaranteed interest rate on a person’s contribution to that account. Fixed annuities work much like CDs, except the earnings grow tax-free until withdrawals are taken. 

“Fixed annuities have become more popular as interest rates have come down. In general, fixed annuities pay slightly more than CDs, but you are giving up liquidity,” said Field.

Field said most fixed annuities have surrender periods from three to seven years, but there are some carriers that will offer two-year surrender periods. 

“This means your money would grow for two years, then you are able to take the full amount out,” says Field. 

This option is more commonly used in retirement planning, and in fact it didn’t seem like keeping the cash in there for two years would be as worthwhile as other options (since I wouldn’t be able to access without a huge penalty if I needed it) and might be a better option to consider for long-term investment planning (say a fixed annuity with a term of 20 years). 

Low-cost bond ETFs

I also wanted to explore an option that did come with some risk, just to see what it would entail. That’s when John Caserta, a chartered financial consultant, recommended a low-cost bond exchange-traded fund. 

Said Caserta, “[Low-cost bond ETFs] can provide yield while keeping risk and cost relatively low in comparison to stock-based mutual funds. But remember that yield is driven by credit quality — the lower the credit quality of a bond, the greater the risk of default, and consequently the higher the yield. You’ll want to make sure that the fund has bonds that are investment-grade or better to minimize your risk.”

Money market mutual fund

Finally, I decided to explore an option that could generate the highest return with the most risk. Riley Hale, an accredited financial counselor, spoke to me about money market mutual funds, and shared the pros and cons associated with this option

Money market accounts offer debit card and check-writing capabilities. PM Images/Getty Images

“Money market mutual funds invest in a variety of short-term, safe investments, resulting in a good return with much less risk than the normal stock market,” said Hale. “This wouldn’t be the first option to consider since it is not FDIC insured and could still accrue losses over two years.”

After receiving all of this advice, I decided that while I did want to get a high return on the money, I didn’t want to take on any risk or added stress. I decided my best route would be to put the cash in a CD, so I could lock in a decent interest rate, no matter what. 

By Jen Glantz

Leave a Reply